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Blending photos together Photoshop Layer Masks Tutorial

Collaging – Merging 2 images with a layer mask. This is a very requested technique and will be the first in our series on creating collages and montages. You will learn how to seamlessly blend 2 images together, using the layer masks.

Blending photos together Photoshop Layer Masks Tutorial

A really powerful tool for collaging and compositing in Photoshop is layer masks. When we want to combine photos, we combine layer masks and gradients, it’s laughably easy to create stunning looking composited that are actually very easy to do. Check out this tutorial to get your creative motors running.

Here is a video for you to watch. There are more details in the written tutorial on this page too, so check that out for sure!

For you long-time CAFE crew, this used to be the old tutorial with the lame looking clock and keyboard. Like almost every tutorial on the CAFE, I have completely rewritten it. Why? First of all, Photoshop has progressed and so have I. I now have better techniques and faster ways of doing things than I did 10 years ago and I’ve developed as an artist and photographer, and want things looking current. Yessir, the new PhotoshopCAFE is back, and fresh!

Step 1

First thing you will need is 2 images that will blend together nicely.

Make sure they are both in the same resolution (72 dpi for the web) and color-space (RGB in this case). Open both these documents in Photoshop.

These images are from Adobe Stock

blend-01 blend-02

Step 2 Combine the 2 images together

We will want to combine both images into 1 document.  Choose the Move tool from the left toolbox: “V” key.

(CS6 and CC) If you have the application frame on (shown),


Put your curser in the middle of the first image. Click-hold-Drag into the tab at the top for the second window as shown with the arrow below, (don’t let go yet) Wait for the image to come to the front. Drag and release in the middle of the new document to combine the two images into one document.

If you are on earlier version of Photoshop without the application frame: Drag one image into the other window and a new layer will be created automatically.

Tip: To center the new image in the window hold down the Shift key while dragging.


(If you are stuck, I have made a beginners tutorial on how to combine photos in Photoshop here)

Step 3

blend-04We will now have 2 layers in the same document

We will add the Layer Mask

Click on the add layer mask button

This will create a new layer mask. A layer mask is transparent. When you paint black into the mask it allows the image underneath to show through. Where it is white, the underlying layer will be hidden.

Step 4

Press the “G” key to select the gradient tool. Make sure the foreground and backgrounds are set to black and white. “D” key. Select linear gradient and foreground to background.


Now drag the gradient across the image.



Step 5

You will now see the two images blend together and the mask will have a gradient in it as shown



You can see the gradient in the layer thumbnail and the result on the image. Where it is white, the top image shows and where it is darker the back shows through. Experiment with different angles and start and end positions. Because a mask is non-destructive, you can experiment as much as you like with different gradients in the mask,

blend-10 blend-11

Step 6


Try changing the blending mode to something different for a different result, in this case I liked what Screen mode did to the feel of the image.

blend-12 blend-13

Step 7

You may also use any of the brush tools on the mask. Black will “paint away” the image and white will “paint it back”. Use a soft brush for best results.      

blend-14 blend-15

I hope you enjoyed this tutorial and let me know in the comments  if you want more on collaging and compositing techniques. This is one of my specialties. I am adding new tutorials here at photoshopCAFE every week! Sign up for our newsletter so I can tell you when I  add new tutorials. You will also get some goodies like the super guide and some free presets. If you are already a subscriber, don’t worry, you will automatically get all our freebees as they come out.

Also, check out our ultimate guide to layer blending modes in Photoshop. All the blend modes explained and practical ideas to use them, tutorials,  explanations and a video overview.

What next?



Compositing in Photoshop: Sky City Project

I have been asked countless times for more in depth training on Compositing, layers, masks and blending photographs. I did it! 2 hours of video that will show you exactly how to build stunning composites in Photoshop. What I have learned in 18 years, revealed here.

Colin builds a real-world compositing project with you. The great thing about a project is that nothing is skipped in the workflow. This is where you put together everything that you have learned about Photoshop.


You will learn how to combine different photos together to create a piece of art in Photoshop. You will learn different ways of extracting photos from the background and how to seamlessly blend them all together. You will learn how to add atmosphere, and cinematic coloring and implied lighting.

See everything that you will learn here

“Great tutorial even for beginners and as a beginner, I can honestly say he made it easy to keep up with him. Colin walks you through and explains EVERYTHING. I can’t recommend this enough! If you are on the fence stop here and just buy it. You wont be disappointed.”
-Audrey (Compositing in Photoshop / Sky City Project)

Layer Blending Modes. Free eBook by Colin Smith (Yes, really free)

Grab your free PDF ebook right now. We were going to sell this for $9.99, but figured we would give it away instead and see what happens 🙂


Colin Smith

Colin Smith

Colin Smith is founder of the #1 PhotoshopCAFE online community which has received over 30 million visitors. Colin has Authored/Coauthored 18 books. He has won numerous awards including 3 Guru awards. He’s been nominated for the Photoshop Hall of Fame twice. Colin is a regular columnist for Photoshop User Magazine. He’s been featured in almost every major imaging magazine, and is in high demand as a speaker at major industry events including Flash Forward and WPPI . He consults such companies as ABC Disney, Apple and Adobe

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Colin Smith

About Colin Smith

Colin Smith is founder of the #1 PhotoshopCAFE online community which has received over 30 million visitors. Colin has Authored/Coauthored 18 books. He has won numerous awards including 3 Guru awards. He’s been nominated for the Photoshop Hall of Fame twice. Colin is a regular columnist for Photoshop User Magazine. He’s been featured in almost every major imaging magazine, and is in high demand as a speaker at major industry events including Flash Forward and WPPI . He consults such companies as ABC Disney, Apple and Adobe

  • Completely updated this tutorial on combining and blending photos to create composites and collages.

  • Cosmin Savenco

    Hello , please help me , i don’t know what i’m doing wrong but whenever i try to use the gradient tool on the layer mask it just doesn’t do anything !!

    • I just uploaded a video on this tutorial page. See if the settings on the video help ypu

    • Make sure that opacity is turned up to 100% and that blend mode is set to normal. Also that your gradient is black to white and linear

  • suruha

    Great tutorial! You instill a sense of confidence in me when I watch. Thank you for both!

    • Confidence is a big step in mastery, so I’m happy to hear that!

  • …great tutorial (as always). Would really like to learn how to organize my fonts into familys..serif, sans, decorative, scripts etc. Much time would be saved looking for fonts if able to have folders to arrange them in. I speak of using this in PSCC. I thank you.

    • Hi Peter. Good to see you here! This is possible using a font manager such as Font Agent Pro. I’m not sure this is possible with Just CC alone. I will look into it though.

  • Mike Gaskin

    This is probably the best tutorial on blending I have had the privilege of watching. Please keep up the good work

  • Ken Garrard

    “Open both these documents in Photoshop.” So as a complete beginner I have failed even before the first hurdle on this tutorial. It won’t let me open a second document?

  • this one of the best blending tutorials i’ve ever seen.. thank you very much …

  • Mariflor Blaser

    Hi. I am a newbie in Photoshop and it was really easy to understand your tutorial. Keep up the good work and thanks

  • Very helpful tutorial. Glad to see your easy work.

  • Jeansica Risha

    cool, very helpful

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  • Ed Mehrzad

    Awesome tutorial, best I’ve seen on this subject, very easy to follow and understand, Peter you are a great teacher. cheers. Ed

  • Genesis M

    Trying to drag the images over into the other and it just won’t work.. help me please,

    • Can you please elaborate a little bit on “wont work” what’s happening, (or not happening)?

      • grace snider

        i have the same issue. i opened them both separately and when I pressed “V” and tried to drag, nothing would happen. I would drag it and let go, but when I clicked on the other tab where I dragged it, nothing changed/happened

        • There are 3 steps.
          1. (V key) move tool, click on the image in the document window (not layers panel)
          2. Drag into tab, with for the new window to open
          3. Move pointer into the new (destination) document window and release in the middle of the image

          Don’t let go of the mouse button until you have finished all 3 steps

          • David

            Even with your extra explanation this part is not explained as clearly as it could be. I mean, I did figure it out, but it could be asked: where is the V tool? What does “with for the new window to open” mean? In Step 3 in the article, where to find the Add Layer Mask button is not specified. Also, you can in fact let go of the mouse button after selecting the Move tool. One other point: once you’ve made multiple layers it seems to become problematic to save the file in accessible formats, other than .psd.

          • I have just updated those instructions, please let me know if this makes it clearer

    • WriterLady

      It’s easy to get around this. Just go into one window, Select All, and Copy. Go into the other window and Paste. It should automatically make a new layer, and then you can rearrange the layers as you like.

  • hi Colin Smith,
    your post is really authentic and helpful thanks for sharing with us.

  • SimraN NanwanI

    Thank you.. That was very helpful!

  • Tanya Owens

    I have CS5.5 can I do this with that version?

    • WriterLady

      I have 4 and it worked for me!

    • yes, it works since Photoshop 3

  • It’s a awesome layer mask tutorial. Now i’m expert to creating layer mask in photoshop.

  • Peter Limo

    Hi, thanks a lot, this has really helped me. I have a problem with making a photo smoother especially faces and arms or areas on photos that needs to be smoother… Can you help?

  • Great tutorial of Photoshop layer mask. Thanks to share your technique with us.

  • thanks you photoshop cafe, your tutorial make me easy to completed my job …

  • I tried blending images, but some of what I wanted to keep ended up being removed too. Do I need to adjust the size of my gradient then?

  • Amber Lloyd

    Another excellent tutorial, thanks so much for sharing 🙂 Will help loads when I sit my ACA exam for Photoshop.

  • Nicole Bunney

    Fantastic tutorial! Thank you for sharing your knowledge.

  • Jamie Smith

    Having difficulty with following the tutorial.. well, making PS work for me as you demonstrate. When you paint black or white in the layer mask, how do you do that exactly? How do you paint white and how do you paint black? I’m able to press the controls to fill the layer mask with either black or white but not able to paint and have layer 0 show through onto layer the layer 1 mask.

    • george

      on your tools there are two overlapping squares, by default they should be black or white. Whichever is on top is the one you’ll be using. If you need to flip them, click the tiny arrows just to the top right of the overlapping squares. Or on PC you can press X to swap the foreground/background colors. Does that answer the question?

  • Dilip Mondal

    when i used layer mask with reveal all option for blending then how can i apply this…… in cc i can not apply. In
    CS 3 and 5 i can apply after blending and again i can use reveal all.

    • The layer masks in CC work exactly the same as older versions. Make sure that your brush is set to “normal” when painting on masks